AD directory admins group setup
Recently I have been reading many of the Microsoft Active Directory best practices for security and hardening. These are great resources, and very well written. The major theme of the articles is "least privilege", where accounts like Administrators or Domain Admins are over used and lead to further compromise.
A suggestion that is put forward by the author is to have a group that has no other permissions but to manage the directory service. This should be used to temporarily make a user an admin, then after a period of time they should be removed from the group.
This way you have no Administrators or Domain Admins, but you have an AD only group that can temporarily grant these permissions when required.
I want to explore how to create this and configure the correct access controls to enable this scheme.
Create our group
First, lets create a "Directory Admins" group which will contain our members that have the rights to modify or grant other privileges.
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group add 'Directory Admins' Added group Directory Admins
It's a really good idea to add this to the "Denied RODC Password Replication Group" to limit the risk of these accounts being compromised during an attack. Additionally, you probably want to make your "admin storage" group also a member of this, but I'll leave that to you.
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group addmembers "Denied RODC Password Replication Group" "Directory Admins"
Now that we have this, lets add a member to it. I strongly advise you create special accounts just for the purpose of directory administration - don't use your daily account for this!
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user create da_william User 'da_william' created successfully # /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group addmembers 'Directory Admins' da_william Added members to group Directory Admins
Configure the permissions
Now we need to configure the correct dsacls to allow Directory Admins full control over directory objects. It could be possible to constrain this to only modification of the cn=builtin and cn=users container however, as directory admins might not need so much control for things like dns modification.
If you want to constrain these permissions, only apply the following to cn=builtins instead - or even just the target groups like Domain Admins.
First we need the objectSID of our Directory Admins group so we can build the ACE.
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group show 'directory admins' --attributes=cn,objectsid dn: CN=Directory Admins,CN=Users,DC=adt,DC=blackhats,DC=net,DC=au cn: Directory Admins objectSid: S-1-5-21-2488910578-3334016764-1009705076-1104
Now with this we can construct the ACE.
This permission grants:
- RP: read property
- WP: write property
- LC: list child objects
- LO: list objects
- RC: read control
It could be possible to expand these rights: it depends if you want directory admins to be able to do "day to day" ad control jobs, or if you just use them for granting of privileges. That's up to you. An expanded ACE might be:
# Same as Enterprise Admins (A;CI;RPWPCRCCDCLCLORCWOWDSW;;;S-1-5-21-2488910578-3334016764-1009705076-1104)
Now lets actually apply this and do a test:
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dsacl set --sddl='(A;CI;RPWPLCLORC;;;S-1-5-21-2488910578-3334016764-1009705076-1104)' --objectdn='dc=adt,dc=blackhats,dc=net,dc=au' # /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group addmembers 'directory admins' administrator -U 'da_william%...' Added members to group directory admins # /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group listmembers 'directory admins' -U 'da_william%...' da_william Administrator
After we have completed our tasks, we remove da_william from the directory admins group as we no longer required the privileges. You can self-remove, or have the Administrator account do the removal.
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group removemembers 'directory admins' da_william -U 'da_william%...' Removed members from group directory admins # /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group removemembers 'directory admins' da_william -U 'Administrator' Removed members from group directory admins
Finally check that da_william is no longer in the group.
# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group listmembers 'directory admins' -U 'da_william%...' Administrator
With these steps we have created a secure account that has limited admin rights, able to temporarily promote users with privileges for administrative work - and able to remove it once the work is complete.